ESI STAFF PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

ESI STAFF PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

  1. Zukal, J., H. Bandouchova, T. Bartonicka, H. Berkova, V. Brack, J. Brichta, M. Dolinay, K. S. Jaron, V. Kovacova, M. Kovarik, N. Martı´nkova, K. Ondracek, Z. Rehak, G. G. Turner, and J. Pikula. 2014. White-Nose Syndrome fungus: a generalist pathogen of hibernating bats. PLoS ONE 9:1-10.
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  2. Boyles, J. G., and V. Brack, Jr. 2013. Energetics alone is insufficient to make conservation recommendations for hibernating bats. Bat Research News, 54:1-3.
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  3. Brack, V., Jr., D. W. Sparks, and T. M. Pankiewicz. 2013.  White noses and windmills and worms! Oh My! Bat Research News, 54:47-51.
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  4. Cryan, P. M., C. U. Meteyer, J. G. Boyles, and D. S. Blehert. 2013. White-nose syndrome in bats: illuminating the darkness. BMC Biology 11:1-4.
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  5. Sheets, J. J., J. E. Duchamp, M. K. Caylor, L. D’Acunto, J. O. Whitaker Jr., V. Brack Jr., and D. W. Sparks. 2013. Habitat use by bats in two Indiana forests prior to silvicultural treatments for oak regeneration. Pages 203-217 in The Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment: a framework for studying responses to forest management (R. K. Swihart, M. R. Saunders, R. A. Kalb, G. S. Haulton, C. H. Michler, eds.) General Technical Report NRS-P-108. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. Newtown Square, Pennsylvania.
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  6. Sheets, J. J., J. O. Whitaker Jr., V. Brack Jr., and D. W. Sparks. 2013. Bats of the hardwood ecosystem experiment before timber harvest: assessment and prognosis Pages 191-202 in The Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment: a framework for studying responses to forest management (R. K. Swihart, M. R. Saunders, R. A. Kalb, G. S. Haulton, C. H. Michler, eds.) General Technical Report NRS-P-108. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. Newtown Square, Pennsylvania.
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  7. Weber, T. C. and D. W. Sparks. 2013. Summer habitat identification of an endangered bat, Myotis sodalis, across its eastern range of the USA. Journal of Conservation Planning 9:53-68.
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  8. Francl, K. E., T. K. Canniff, R. C. Bland, D. W. Sparks, and V. Brack, Jr. 2012. Quantifying wing damage of summer bats in the northeastern United States. Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 86:38-42.
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  9. Francl, K. E., W. M. Ford, D. W. Sparks, and V. Brack, Jr. 2012. Capture and reproductive trends of summer bat communities in West Virginia: assessing the impact of white nose syndrome. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3:33-42.
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  10. Halsall, A. L., J. G. Boyles, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2012. Body temperature patterns of big brown bats during winter in a building hibernaculum. Journal of Mammalogy 93:497-503.
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  11. Verant, M. L., J. G. Boyles, W. Waldrep, Jr, G. Wibbelt, and D. S. Blehert. 2012. Temperature-dependent growth of Geomyces destructans, the fungus that causes bat white-nose syndrome. PLoS ONE 7:1-7.
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  12. Boyles, J. G., P. M. Cryan, G. F. McCracken, and T. H. Kunz. 2011. Economic importance of bats in agriculture. Science 33:41-42.
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  13. Boyles, J., B. Smit, and A. E. McKechnie. 2011. Does use of the torpor cut-off method to analyze variation in body temperature cause more problems than it solves? Journal of Thermal Biology 36:373-379.
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  14. Damm, J. P. 2011. Bat species diversity at an urban-rural interface:  dominance by one species in an urban area. Master’s Thesis, Indiana State University.
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  15. Damm, J. P., K. R. Pearman, N. S. Gikas, D. W. Sparks, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2011. Mammals of the Indianapolis International Airport conservation properties, Hendricks County, Indiana, with county records. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 120:96-103.
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  16. Francl, K. E., C. Bland, J. S. Lucas, and V. Brack, Jr. 2011. Comparison of survey techniques for documenting summer bat communities in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 85:52-56.
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  17. Francl, K., D. W. Sparks, V. Brack, Jr, and J. Timpone. 2011. White-nose syndrome and wing damage index scores among summer bats in the northeastern United States. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47:41-48.
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  18. Gikas, N. G. 2011. Effects of ectoparasites and reproductive class on roost-switching and foraging behavior of Indiana bats (Myotis sodalis). Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana.
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  19. Gikas, N. S., D. W. Sparks, J. O. Whitaker Jr., and J. S. Johnson. 2011. New ectoparasite records for bats in West Virginia and a review of previous records. Northeastern Naturalist 18:527-533.
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  20. Lorch, J. M., C. U. Meteyer, M. J. Behr, J. G. Boyles, P. M. Cryan, A. C. Hicks, A. E. Ballmann, J. T. Coleman, D. N. Redell, D. M. Reeder, and D. S. Blehert. 2011. Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome. Nature.
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  21. Sparks, D. W., C. J. Schmidt, and J. R. Choate. 2011. Bats of Kansas. Publication Number 5, Indiana State University Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation. 62 pp.
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  22. Sparks, D. W., K. E. Francl, and V. Brack Jr. 2011. Indexing at different scales: a response to Reichard et al. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 4:1052-1053.
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  23. Timpone, J., K. Francl, D. Sparks, V. Brack, and J. Beverly. 2011. Bats of the Cumberland Plateau and Ridge and Valley Provinces, Virginia. Southeastern Naturalist 10:515-528.
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  24. Angilletta, M. J., B. S. Cooper, M. S. Schuler, and J. G. Boyles. 2010. The evolution of thermal physiology in endotherms. Frontiers in Bioscience E2:861-881.
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  25. Boyles, J. G. and C. K. Willis. 2010. Could localized warm areas inside cold caves reduce mortality of hibernating bats affected by white-nose syndrome? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8:92-98.
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  26. Brack, V., Jr., D. W. Sparks, J. O. Whitaker, Jr., B. L. Walters, and A. Boyer. 2010. Bats of Ohio. Publication Number 4. Indiana State University, Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation. 92 pp.
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  27. Cryan, P. M., C. U. Meteyer, J. G. Boyles, and D. S. Blehert. 2010. Wing pathology of white-nose syndrome in bats suggests life-threatening disruption of physiology. BMC Biology 8:135.
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  28. Duchamp, J. E., D. W. Sparks, and R. K. Swihart. 2010. Exploring the “nutrient hot spot” hypothesis at trees used by bats. Journal of Mammalogy 91:48-53.
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  29. Judy, D. J., D. W. Sparks, J. O. Whitaker, Jr, and S. J. Oyler-McCance. 2010. Bat guano is useful for more than diet studies. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 19:95-98.
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  30. Judy, D. J., J. O. Whitaker, Jr, D. W. Sparks, and C. M. Ritzi. 2010. Unusual migratory behavior by an Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis). Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 19:99-100.
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  31. Meretsky, V. J., V. Brack, JR, T. C. Carter, R. Clawson, R. R. Currie, T. A. Hemberger, C. J. Herzog, A. C. Hicks, J. A. Kath, J. R. Macgregor, R. A. King, and D. H. Good. 2010. Digital photography improves consistency and accuracy of bat counts in hibernacula. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:166-173.
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  32. Swecker, C. D., T. D. Jones, J. V. Kilian, and L. F. Roberson. 2010. Key to the crayfish of Maryland. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Anapolis, Maryland. 35 pp.
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  33. Swecker, C. D., T. G. Jones, K. Donahue II, D. McKinney, and G. D. Smith. 2010. The Extirpation of Orconectes limosus (Spinycheek Crayfish) Populations in West Virginia. Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 3, Conservation, Biology, and Natural History of Crayfishes from the Southern United States:  Proceedings of a 2008 Symposium of the Southern Division of the American Fisheries Society 9 (sp3):155-164.
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  34. Timpone, J. C., J. G. Boyles, K. L. Murray, D. P. Aubrey, and L. W. Robbins. 2010. Overlap in roosting habits of Indiana bats (Myotis sodalis) and northern bats (Myotis septentrionalis). American Midland Naturalist 163:115-123.
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  35. Whitaker J O, J., B. L. Walters, A. Chamberlin, and N. S. Gikas. 2010. Over-winter weight loss in bats, with emphasis on Indiana bats; final report. Indiana State University Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation:5.
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  36. Willis, C. K. R., R. M. R. Barclay, J. G. Boyles, R. M. Brigham, V. Brack, Jr., D. L. Waldien, and J. Reichard. 2010. Bats are not birds and other problems with Sovacool’s (2009) analysis of animal fatalities due to electricity generation. Energy Policy 38:2067-2069.
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  37. Zurcher, A. A., D. W. Sparks, and V. J. Bennett. 2010. Why the bat did not cross the road? Acta Chiropterologica 12:337-340.
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  38. Boyles, J. G. and V. Brack, Jr. 2009. Modeling survival rates of hibernating mammals with individual-based models of energy expenditure. Journal of Mammalogy 90:9-16.
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  39. Brack, V., Jr. 2009. Summer bats of Potter and McKean counties, Pennsylvania and adjacent Cattaraugus County, New York. Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 83:17-23.
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  40. Gikas, N. S., B. J. G, A. A. Zurcher, B. L. Walters, and J. Whitaker J O. 2009. The first records of the eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii) in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 118:203-204.
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  41. Sparks, D. W., V. Brack, Jr., J. O. Whitaker, Jr., and R. Lotspeich. 2009. Reconciliation ecology and the Indiana Bat at Indianapolis International Airport, Chapter 3. in Airports: Performance, Risks, and Problems, (P. B. Larauge and M. E. Castille, eds.) Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, New York.
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  42. Willis, C. K. R., J. W. Jameson, P. A. Faure, J. G. Boyles, V. Brack, Jr, and T. H. Cervone. 2009. Thermocron iButton and iBBat temperature dataloggers emit ultrasound. Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental 179:867-874.
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  43. Boyles, J. G., J. J. Storm, and V. Brack, Jr. 2008. Thermal benefits of clustering during hibernation: a field test of competing hypotheses on Myotis sodalis. Functional Ecology 22:632-636.
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  44. Damm, J. P. and K. Geluso. 2008. Use of a mine by eastern pipistrelles in east-central Nebraska. Western North American Naturalist 68:382-389.
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  45. Geluso, K., J. P. Damm, and E. W. Valdez. 2008. Late-seasonal activity and diet of the evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis) in Nebraska. Western North American Naturalist 68:21-24.
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  46. Jeffcott, D. and V. Brack, Jr. 2008. Anomalous coloring of a big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus. Bat Research News 49:89-91.
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  47. Sparks, D. W. 2008. Escape behavior of northern long-eared bats (Myotis septentrionalis) following diurnal disturbance. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 117:203-209.
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  48. Sparks, D. W., J. O. Whitaker, Jr., N. G. Gikas, and D. J. Judy. 2008. Final Report:  Developing techniques for estimating populations of Indiana bats. U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center.
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  49. Whitaker, J. O., Jr and D. W. Sparks. 2008. Roosts of Indiana bats (Myotis sodalis) near the Indianapolis International Airport (1997-2001). Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 117:193-202.
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  50. Beilfuss, M. L., D. W. Sparks, and K. Henman. 2007. The Indiana bat. The Hoosier Science Teacher XXXII:69-71.
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  51. Boyles, J. and J. J. Storm. 2007. The perils of picky eating: dietary breadth is related to extinction risk in insectivorous bats. PLoS ONE 7:1-4.
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  52. Boyles, J. G. 2007. Describing roosts used by forest bats: the importance of microclimate. Acta Chiropterologica 9:297-303.
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  53. Boyles, J. G., B. L. Walters, J. O. Whitaker, Jr., and J. B. Cope. 2007. A reanalysis of apparent survival rates of Indiana myotis (Myotis sodalis). Acta Chiropterologica 9:127-132.
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  54. Boyles, J. G., M. B. Dunbar, J. J. Storm, and V. Brack, Jr. 2007. Energy availability influences microclimate selection of hibernating bats. Journal of Experimental Biology 210:4345-4350.
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  55. Brack, V., Jr. 2007. Temperatures and locations used by hibernating bats, including Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat), in a limestone mine: implications for conservation and management. Environmental Management 40:739-746.
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  56. Brack, V., Jr., L. W. Robbins, and C. R. Davis. 2007. Bats of Fort Leavenworth Military Reservation and nearby areas of eastern Kansas and western Missouri. Pages 73-82 in Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science.
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  57. Kelly, N. E., D. W. Sparks, T. L. DeVault, and O. E. Rhodes, Jr. 2007. Diet of black and turkey vultures in a forested landscape. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:267-270.
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  58. Krochmal, A. R. and D. W. Sparks. 2007. Timing of birth and estimation of age of juvenile Myotis septentrionalis and Myotis lucifugus in west-central Indiana. Journal of Mammalogy 88:649-656.
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  59. Sparks, D. W., D. L. Judy, and J. O. Whitaker Jr. 2007. Developing techniques for estimating populations of Indiana bats—year 2 progress report. U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center.
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  60. Walters, B. L., C. M. M. Ritzi, D. W. Sparks, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2007. Foraging behavior of eastern red bats (Lasiurus borealis) at an urban-rural interface. American Midland Naturalist 157:365-373.
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  61. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., V. Brack, Jr., D. W. Sparks, J. B. Cope, and S. Johnson. 2007. Bats of Indiana. Publication number 1. Indiana State University, Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation. 59 pp.
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  62. Boyles, J. G. and D. P. Aubrey. 2006. Managing forests with prescribed fire: implications for a cavity-dwelling bat species. Forest Ecology and Management 221:108-115.
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  63. Boyles, J. G. and L. W. Robbins. 2006. Characteristics of summer and winter roost trees used by evening bats (Nycticeius humeralis) in southwestern Missouri. American Midland Naturalist 155:210-220.
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  64. Boyles, J. G., M. B. Dunbar, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2006. Activity following arousal in winter in North American vespertilionid bats. Mammal Review 36:267-280.
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  65. Brack, V., Jr. 2006. Autumn activity of Myotis sodalis (Indiana bat) in Bland County, Virginia. Northeastern Naturalist 13:421-434.
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  66. Brack, V., Jr. 2006. Short-tailed shrews (Blarina brevicauda) exhibit unusual behavior in an urban environment. Urban Habitats 4:1-6.
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  67. Brack, V., Jr. and J. A. Duffey. 2006. Bats of Ravenna Training and Logistics Site, Portage and Trumbull Counties, Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science 106:186-190.
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  68. Brack, V., Jr. and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2006. The Indiana Myotis (Myotis sodalis) on an anthropogenic landscape: Newport Chemical Depot, Vermillion County, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 115:44-52.
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  69. Brack, V., Jr. and R. K. Laval. 2006. Diet of the gray Myotis (Myotis grisescens): variability and consistency, opportunism, and selectivity. Journal of Mammalogy 87:7-18.
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  70. Eidels, R. R., J. O. Whitaker, Jr, and D. W. Sparks. 2006. Organophosphate Insecticide residues in bats and guano from Indiana. in Proceedings of The American Society of Mammalogists, 85th Annual Meeting.
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  71. Jeffcott, D. and V. Brack, Jr. 2006. Circling behavior by a wild mouse (Peromyscus sp.) in a natural environment. Peromyscus Newsletter, No. 40:24-28.
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  72. Timpone, J. C., J. G. Boyles, and L. W. Robbins. 2006. Potential for niche overlap in roosting sites between Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bats) and Eptesicus fuscus (Big Brown Bats). Northeasten Naturalist 13:597-602.
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  73. Tuttle, N. M., D. P. Benson, and D. W. Sparks. 2006. Diet of Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) at an urban/rural interface. Northeastern Naturalist 13:435-442.
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  74. Walters, B. L., D. W. Sparks, J. O. Whitaker, Jr., and C. M. Ritzi. 2006. Timing of migration by eastern red bats (Lasiurus borealis) through central Indiana. Acta Chiropterologica 8:259-263.
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  75. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., D. W. Sparks, and V. Brack, Jr. 2006. Use of artificial roost structures by bats at the Indianapolis International Airport. Environmental Management 38:28-36.
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  76. Boyles, J. G., B. M. Mormann, and L. W. Robbins. 2005. Use of an underground winter roost by a male evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis). Southeastern Naturalist 4:375-377.
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  77. Brack, V., Jr., J. A. Duffey, R. K. Dunlap, and S. A. Johnson. 2005. Flooding of hibernacula in Indiana: are some caves population sinks. Bat Research News 46:71-74.
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  78. Brack, V., Jr., J. D. Kiser, Jr., J. Schwierjohann, and L. B. Williams. 2005. Bats of Camp Dawson, West Virginia:  relative abundance, habitat use, and periods of activity. in Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy Science.
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  79. Brack, V., Jr., R. J. Reynolds, W. Orndorff, J. Zokaites, and C. Zokaites. 2005. Bats of Skydusky Hollow, Bland County, Virginia. Virginia Journal of Science 56:93-106.
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  80. Brack, V., Jr., R. K. Dunlap, and S. A. Johnson. 2005. Albinism in the Indiana bat, Myotis sodalis. Bat Research News 46:55-58.
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  81. Davis, C. R. and J. G. Boyles. 2005. First record of an adult male evening bat from Kansas. Prairie Naturalist 37:125-126.
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  82. Ritzi, C. M., B. C. Bartels, and D. W. Sparks. 2005. Ectoparasites and food habits of Elliot's short-tailed shrew, Blarina hylophaga. The Southwestern Naturalist 50:88-93.
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  83. Sparks, D. W., C. M. Ritzi, and B. L. Everson. 2005. Nocturnal behavior and roosting ecology of a juvenile Lasiurus cinereus near Indianapolis, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114:70-72.
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  84. Sparks, D. W., C. M. Ritzi, J. E. Duchamp, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2005. Foraging habitat of the Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) at an urban-rural interface. Journal of Mammalogy 86:713-718.
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  85. Tuttle, M. D., D. W. Sparks, and C. M. Ritzi. 2005. Extralimital record of the gray bat (Myotis grisescens)  in Indiana. Bat Research News:147.
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  86. Ulrey, W. A., D. W. Sparks, and C. M. Ritzi. 2005. Bat communities in highly impacted areas: comparing Camp Atterbury to the Indianapolis Airport. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114:73-76.
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  87. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., C. L. Gummer, A. Howard, W. A. Ulrey, and V. Brack, Jr. 2005. Bats of Camp Atterbury in south-central Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114:216-223.
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  88. Brack, V., Jr. 2004. Field techniques for biological assessment: assessment of potential hibernacula and swarming/staging habitat. Pages 89-92 in Indiana Bat and Coal Mining, A Technical Interactive Forum (K.C. Vories and A. Harrington, eds.) U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Surface Mining. Alton, Illinois.
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  89. Brack, V., Jr. 2004. Increasing versatility of the three-pole netting set. Bat Research News 45:92-93.
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  90. Brack, V., Jr. 2004. The biology and life history of the Indiana bat: hibernacula. Pages 7-14 in Indiana Bat and Coal Mining, A Technical Interactive Forum (K.C. Vories and A. Harrington, eds.) U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Surface Mining, Alton, Illinois.
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  91. Brack, V., Jr. and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2004. Bats of the Naval Surface Warfare Center at Crane, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 113:66-75.
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  92. Brack, V., Jr., J. O. Whitaker, Jr., and S. E. Pruitt. 2004. Bats of Hoosier National Forest. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 113:78-86.
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  93. Duchamp, J. E., D. W. Sparks, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2004. Foraging-habitat selection by bats at an urban-rural interface: comparison between a successful and less successful species. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82:1157-1164.
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  94. Farrell Sparks, J. K., B. J. Foster, and D. W. Sparks. 2004. Utility pole used as a roost by a Northern Myotis, Myotis septentrionalis. Bat Research News 45:94.
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  95. Foster, B. J., D. W. Sparks, and J. E. Duchamp. 2004. Urban herpetology II: amphibians and reptiles of the Indianapolis Airport conservation lands. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 113:53-59.
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  96. Ritzi, C. M., B. L. Everson, B. J. Foster, J. J. Sheets, and D. W. Sparks. 2004. Urban ichthyology: changes in the fish community along an urban-rural creek in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 113:42-52.
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  97. Sparks, D. W., J. O. Whitaker, Jr., and C. M. Ritzi. 2004. Foraging ecology of the endangered Indiana bat. in Indiana Bat and Coal Mining: A Technical Interactive Forum  (K.C. Vories and A. Harrington, eds.). U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Surface Mining. Alton, Illinois.
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  98. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., D. W. Sparks, and V. Brack, Jr. 2004. Bats of the Indianapolis International airport area, 1991–2001. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 113:151-161.
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  99. Boyles, J. G., J. C. Timpone, and L. W. Robbins. 2003. Late-winter observations of red bats, Lasiurus borealis, and evening bats, Nycticeius humeralis, in Missouri. Bat Research News 44:59-61.
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  100. Brack Jr., V. and R. A. King. 2003. Another unique way for bats to die. Bat Research News 44:32.
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  101. Brack, V., Jr., R. K. Dunlap, and J. A. Johnson. 2003. Advantages of infrared thermometers for recording temperatures in caves. Bat Research News 44:62-63.
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  102. Brack, V., Jr., S. A. Johnson, and R. K. Dunlap. 2003. Wintering populations of bats in Indiana, with emphasis on the endangered Indiana Myotis, Myotis sodalis. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 112:61-74.
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  103. Brown, R. J. and V. Brack, Jr. 2003. An unusually productive net site over an upland road used as a travel corridor. Bat Research News 44:187-188.
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  104. Foster, B. J., D. W. Sparks, and J. E. Duchamp. 2003. Urban herpetology I: New distribution records of amphibians and reptiles from Hendricks County, Indiana. Herpetological Review 34:395.
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  105. Sparks, D. W. 2003. How does urbanization impact bats? Ph.D. Dissertation. Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. 121 pp.
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  106. Sparks, D. W. and E. W. Valdez. 2003. Food habits of Nyctinomops macrotis at a maternity roost in New Mexico, as indicated by analysis of guano. The Southwestern Naturalist 48:132-135.
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  107. Sparks, D. W., K. C. Chapman, and C. M. Ritzi. 2003. Additional ectoparasitic records of bats from Kansas. The Prairie Naturalist 35:49-52.
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  108. Sparks, D. W., M. T. Simmons, C. L. Gummer, and J. E. Duchamp. 2003. Disturbance of roosting bats by woodpeckers and raccoons. Northeastern Naturalist 10:105-108.
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  109. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., J. B. Cope, and V. Brack, Jr. 2003. Bats of Wyandotte Cave, Crawford County, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 112:75-84.
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  110. Brack, V., Jr., C. W. Stihler, R. J. Reynolds, C. M. Butchkoski, and C. S. Hobson. 2002. Effect of climate and elevation on distribution and abundance in the mid-eastern United States. Pages 21-28 in The Indiana Bat: Biology and Management of an Endangered Species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat Conservation International, Austin, Texas.
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  111. Johnson, S. A., V. Brack, Jr., and R. K. Dunlap. 2002. Management of hibernacula in the state of Indiana. Pages 100-109 in The Indiana Bat: Biology and Management of an Endangered Species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat Conservation International, Austin, Texas.
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  112. Ritzi, C. M. and D. W. Sparks. 2002. New ectoparasite records for the rock squirrel, Spermophilus variegatus grammurus, in Socorro County, New Mexico. Southwestern Entomologist 27:257–262.
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  113. Ritzi, C. M., E. W. Valdez, and D. W. Sparks. 2002. New host and locality records of bat ectoparasites from Arizona and New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 47:453-456.
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  114. Whitaker, J. O., Jr. and V. Brack, Jr. 2002. Distribution and summer ecology in Indiana. Pages 48-54 in The Indiana Bat: Biology and Management of an Endangered Species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat Conservation International, Austin, Texas.
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  115. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., V. Brack, Jr., and J. B. Cope. 2002. Are bats in Indiana declining? Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 1:95-106.
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  116. Brack, V., Jr. and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 2001. Foods of the northern myotis, Myotis septentrionalis, from Missouri and Indiana, with notes on foraging. Acta Chiropterologica 3:203-210.
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  117. Schmidt, A., V. Brack, Jr., R. Rommé, K. Tyrell, and A. Gehrt. 2001. Bioaccumulation of pesticides in bats from Missouri. Pages 8-21 in Pesticides and Wildlife (J. J. Johnston, ed.). American Chemical Society Symposium No. 771.
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  118. Sparks, D. W. and J. R. Choate. 2000. Distribution, natural history, conservation status, and biogeography of bats in Kansas. Pages 173-228 in Reflections of a naturalist: Papers honoring professor Eugene D. Fleharty (J. R. Choate, ed.). Fort Hays Studies, Special Issue 1:1-241.
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  119. Sparks, D. W., K. J. Roberts, and C. Jones. 2000. Vertebrate predators on bats in North America, north of Mexico. Pages 229-241 in Reflections of a naturalist: Papers honoring professor Eugene D. Fleharty (J. R. Choate, ed.). Fort Hays Studies, Special Issue 1:1-241.
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  120. Sparks, D. W., A. G. Burr, M. N. Bass, and G. A. Liggett. 1999. New county distribution records of amphibians and reptiles from southwestern Kansas. Herpetological Review 30:120-121.
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  121. Sparks, D. W., J. R. Choate, and R. J. Winn. 1999. Observations on reproduction in three species of bats. Prairie Naturalist 31:245-248.
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  122. Johnson, S. A., V. Brack, Jr., and R. E. Rolley. 1998. Overwinter weight loss of Indiana bats (Myotis sodalis) from hibernacula subject to human visitation. American Midland Naturalist 139:255-261.
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  123. Sparks, D. W., J. A. Laborda, and J. O. Whitaker, Jr. 1998. Bats of the Indianapolis International Airport as compared to a more rural community of bats at Prairie Creek. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 107:171-179.
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  124. Salyers, J., K. Tyrell, and V. Brack. 1996. Artificial roost structure use by Indiana bats in wooded areas in central Indiana. Bat Research News 37:148.
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  125. Schmidt, A., R. Romme, V. Brack, and K. Tyrell. 1996. Risk contours used to delineate safe / unsafe chemical aerosol concentrations for Myotis sodalis and Myotis grisescens. 37:148.
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  126. Rommé, R. C., K. Tyrell, and V. Brack, Jr. 1995. Literature summary and habitat suitability index model: components of summer habitat for the Indiana bat, Myotis sodalis. 3D/Environmental, E-1-7, Study No. 8. 174 pp.
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  127. Sparks, D. W. and J. R. Choate. 1995. New distributional records for mammals in Kansas. Prairie Naturalist 27:185-191.
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  128. Richter, A. R., S. T. Humphrey, J. B. Cope, and V. Brack, Jr. 1993. Modified cave entrances: Thermal effect on body mass and resulting decline of endangered Indiana bats (Myotis sodalis). Conservation Biology 7:407-415.
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  129. Cable, T. T., R. L. Schroeder, V. Brack, Jr., and P. S. Cook. 1992. Summer bird use of Kansas windbreaks. Prairie Naturalist 24:175-184.
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  130. Stihler, C. W. and V. Brack, Jr. 1992. A survey of hibernating bats in Hellhole Cave, Pendleton County, West Virginia. Pages 97-103 in Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Sceince, Papers of the sixty-seventh annual session. 64:97-103.
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  131. Brack, V., Jr. and S. A. Johnson. 1990. Albino Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis). Bat Research News 31:8.
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  132. Brack, V., Jr. 1989. Use of riparian woodlands by an endangered bat, Myotis sodalis. Pages 141-145, In Wetlands and river corridor management, (J.A. Kusler and S. Daly, eds.). Association of Wetland Managers, Berne, New York.
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  133. Cable, T. T., V. Brack, Jr., and V. R. Holmes. 1989.  Simplified method for wetland habitat assessment. Environmental Management 13:207-213.
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  134. Josselyn, M. N., K. Bobzien, S. D. Bach., and V. Brack, Jr. 1989. Mitigation of wooded palustrine wetlands:  Selecting Mitigation Sites. Pp. 436-440, in Wetlands and river corridor management, (J.A. Kusler and S. Daly, eds.). Association of Wetland Managers, Berne, New York, 520 pp.
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  135. Rommé, R. R., and V. Brack, Jr. 1989.  Hydropower development at fixed crest dams: an evaluation of wetland impacts. Pp. 248-252, in Wetlands and river corridor management, (J.A. Kusler and S. Daly, eds.). Association of Wetland Managers, Berne, New York, 520 pp.
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  136. Brack, V., Jr. 1988. The Indiana bat. Pages 608-622 in Audubon Wildlife Report 1988/1989 (W. J. Chandler and L. Labate, eds.). National Audubon Society (Academic Press), New York, New York.
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  137. Brack, V., Jr. and G. R. Finni. 1987. Mammals of southern Clermont County, Ohio, with notes on the food habits of four species of bats. Ohio Journal of Science 87:130-133.
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  138. Brack, V., Jr., T. Larkins, and K. Dunlap. 1987. Winter 1986–1987 census of non-Priority I hibernacula in Indiana and a search for unreported hibernacula of the Indiana bat. Unpublished Report to Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program, Indianapolis, Indiana, 30 pp.
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  139. Brack, V., Jr., V. R. Holmes, T. T. Cable, and G. K. Hess. 1987. A wetland habitat assessment using birds. Proceedings of the Symposium Coastal and Ocean Management 5:1155-1169.
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  140. Dalton, T., V. Brack, Jr., and P. M. McTeer. 1986. Food habits of the big-eared bat, Plecotus townsendii virginianus, in Virginia. Virginia Journal of Science 37:4.
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  141. Holmes, V. R., T. T. Cable, and V. Brack, Jr. 1986. Avifauna as indicators of habitat quality in some wetlands of northern Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 95:523-528.
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  142. Brack, V., Jr. 1985. The foraging ecology of some bats in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 94:231-237.
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  143. Brack, V., Jr. and J. C. Carter. 1985. Use of an underground burrow by Lasionycteris. Bat Research News 26:3.
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  144. Brack, V., Jr. and J. W. Twente. 1985. The duration of the period of hibernation in three species of vespertilionid bats I:  field studies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63:2952-2954.
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  145. Brack, V., Jr. and R. K. LaVal. 1985. Food habits of the Indiana bat in Missouri. Journal of Mammalogy 66:308-315.
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  146. Brack, V., Jr., T. T. Cable, and D. E. Driscoll. 1985. Food habits of urban American kestrels. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 94:607-613.
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  147. Cable, T. T., and V. Brack, Jr. 1985. The martin-mosquito myth: interpretive propaganda? Journal of Interpretation 10:29-32.
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  148. Twente, J. W., J. Twente, and V. Brack, Jr. 1985. The duration of the period of hibernation of three species of vespertilionid bats. II: Laboratory studies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63:2955-2961.
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  149. Brack, V., Jr. and R. E. Mumford. 1984. The distribution of Pipistrellus subflavus and the limit of the Wisconsinan glaciation: an interface. American Midland Naturalist 112:397-401.
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  150. Brack, V., Jr., A. M. Wilkinson, and R. E. Mumford. 1984. Hibernacula of the endangered Indiana bat in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 93:463-468.
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  151. Brack, V., Jr., R. E. Mumford, and V. R. Holmes. 1984. The gray bat (Myotis grisescens) in Indiana. American Midland Naturalist 111:205.
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  152. Brack, V., Jr., S. Taylor, and V. R. Holmes. 1984. Bat captures and niche partitioning along portions of three rivers in southern Michigan. Michigan Academician 16:391-399.
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  153. Brack, V., Jr. 1983. The nonhibernating ecology of bats in Indiana with emphasis on the endangered Indiana bat, Myotis sodalis. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
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  154. Brack, V., Jr. and R. E. Mumford. 1983. A technique for flying squirrel capture. Indiana Audubon Quarterly 61:80-81.
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  155. Brack, V., Jr. and R. E. Mumford. 1983. Wing culling of insect prey by the gray bat (Myotis grisescens). Bat Research News 24:38-39.
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  156. Brack, V., Jr., and T. T. Cable.  1983.  Martins and mosquitoes. Indiana Audubon Quarterly 61:105-107.
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  157. Brack, V., Jr. and J. C. Carter. 1985. Use of an underground burrow by Lasionycteris. Bat Research News 26:3.
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  158. Brack, V., Jr. 1979. The duration of the period of hibernation in Eptesicus fuscus, Myotis lucifugus, and Pipistrellus subflavus under natural conditions. Unpublished M.S. thesis University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.
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